Top ten classical songs

What are top ten classical songs that you know? This is list of top ten classical songs:

1. Beethoven: Symphony No. 5
2. Mozart: Piano Concertos 20, 21
3. Beethoven: “Pathétique” and “Moonlight” Piano Sonatas
4. Bach: Brandenburg Concertos

5. Brahms: Piano Trio No. 1

6. Stravinsky: Rite of Spring

7. Schubert: “Death and the Maiden” String Quartet
8. Tchaikovsky: “Pathétique” Symphony
9. Haydn: Lord Nelson Mass
10. Bizet: Carmen

Classical musical composers

What are famous classical musical composers that you know? This is list of classical musical composers:

Medieval:

1. Hilegard von Bingen
2. Moinot d’Arras
3. Adam de la Halle
4. Guillaume de Machaut
5. Perotin

Renaissance:

1. Thomas Tallis
2. Josquin Des Prez
3. Pierre de La Rue
4. Claudio Monteverdi
5. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

Baroque:

1. Johan Sebastian Bach
2. George Friderich Handel
3. Antonio Vivaldi
4. George Philipp Telemann
5. Arcangelo Corelli

Classical era:

1. Franz Joseph Haydn
2. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
3. Antonio Salieri
4. Christoph Willibald Gluck
5. Muzio Clementi

Romantic period:

1. Johannes Brahms
2. Frederic Chopin
3. Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
4. Giacomo Puccini
5. Franz Schubert

 

Classical period music history

Music historiographers classified the six periods of music in history of classical music. Classical period music history:

Before 1400 – Medieval music – characterized by the significant use of chant. It was later harmonized with 4ths, 5ths, and octaves. Many styles of music took form during the Medieval Period: Gregorian Chant, organum,motets, liturgical dramas, and chansons.

1400-1600 – Renaissance – Principal liturgical fomes were masses and motets, with some other developments towards the end, especially as composers of sacred music began to adopt secular forms (such as the madrigal) for their own designs.Common sacred genres were the mass, the motet, the madrigale spirituale, and the laude.

1600-1750 – Baroque music – characterized by the use of complex tonal counterpoint and the use of a basso continuo (continuous bass line). Music became more complex in comparison with the songs of earlier periods. The beginnings of the sonata form took shape in the canzona, as did a more formalized notion of theme and variations.

1750-1820 – Classical – The classical movement was going to bring the music ”down to earth”. Composers began to strive for beauty through simplicity and balance.

1820-1900 – Romantic – Romanticism seeks out the new, the curious, and the adventurous. It is characterized by restless seeking and impulsive reaction.The tiny piano piece and the brief lyrical song, forms which had been of no consequence during the Classical period, now assumed the highest significance. The moderate length of the classical symphony and opera was hugely extended (Mahler’s symphonies, Wagner’s operas). Romanticism cherishes freedom of expression, movement, passion, and endless pursuit of the unattainable (fantasy and imagination); a search for new subject matters.

Beyond 1900 – 20th Century – Also known as the Age of Technology, 20th Century Music took full advantage of new technologies as they became available. Not constricted by rules of the classical period, composers had the stylistic freedom to write however they pleased.

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How to define classical music?

Classical music is music from Europe around 14th century until today and it has developed many different styles of music. It was music for sophisticated class and music artists were highliy valuated proffesions.

Definiton of classical music originates from the Latin term classicus, meaning taxpayer of the highest class. Slowly after making its way through the French, German, and English languages, one of the earliest definitions of the word meant “classical, formall, orderlie, in due or fit ranke; also, approved, authenticall, chiefe, principall.” Today, one of the ways Merriam-Webster defines classical is “of, relating to, or being music in the educated European tradition that includes such forms as art song, chamber music, opera, and symphony.” You can define classical music as the mother of music.

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There are different types of classical music; the most recognizable are symphony, opera, choral works, chamber music, Gregorian chant and the madrigal.

 A symphony is an extended musical composition, scored almost always for orchestra. It usually contains at least one movement or episode.

 Opera is type of classical music in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (called a libretto) and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting.

 Choral works is a musical ensemble of singers. Choral music, in turn, is the music written specifically for such an ensemble to perform.

 Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. Most broadly, it includes any art music that is performed by a small number of performers with one performer to a part.

 Gregorian chant a form of monophonic liturgical music within Western Christianity that accompanied the celebration of Mass and other ritual services. It is named after Pope Gregory I, Bishop of Rome from 590 to 604, who is traditionally credited for having ordered the simplification and cataloging of music.

 Madrigals originated in Italy during the 1520s.In the madrigal, the composer attempted to express the emotion contained in each line, and sometimes individual words, of a celebrated poem. It is vocal music composition, usually a partsong, of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras. The number of voices varies from two to eight, and most frequently from three to six.

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