In its early development electronic music was associated almost exclusively with Western art music, but from the late 1960s on the availability of affordable music technology, particularly of synthesisers, meant that music produced using electronic means became increasingly common in the popular domain of rock and pop music, resulting in major electronically based sub-genres. After the definition of MIDI in 1982 and the development of digital audio, the creation of purely electronic sounds and their manipulation became much simpler.
As a result synthesizers came to dominate the pop music of the early 1980s. In the late 1980s, dance music records made using only electronic instruments became increasingly popular, resulting in a proliferation of electronic genres, sub-genres and scenes. In the new millennium, as computer technology became even more accessible and music software advanced, interacting with music production technology made it possible to create music that has no relationship to traditional musical performancepractices, leading to further developments and rapidly evolving sub-genres.
Electronic music history timeline
1906 – Thadeus Cahill develops the Telharmonium
1919 – Leon Theremin invents the Theremin
1935 – The Hammond Organ is invented by Laurens Hammond
1955 – The RCA Synthesizer is introduced
1959 – The RCA Mark II Synthesizer is installed at the Columba Princeton Studio
1965 – Robert Moog Develops the analog synthesizer
1968 – Wendy Carlos records Switched onBach
1978 – The Sequential Circuits Prophet 5 Synthesizer is introduced.
1983 – MIDI is introduced
1980s – Digital sampling and multi-timbral instruments become availabe
1990s – Digital format becomes the primary medium for working with audio including