There are hundreds different types and rhythms of latin music including mainstream ones such as Salsa, Tango, Merengue and Brazilian music, as well as traditional rhythms like Andean music, Puerto Rican Bomba, Cuban Son and Musica Llanera.
Salsa – based on Cuban music (especially Cuban son and son montuno) in rhythm, tempo, bass line, riffs and instrumentation, Salsa represents an amalgamation of musical styles including rock, jazz, and other Latin American (and Puerto Rican) musical traditions. Modern salsa was forged in the pan-Latin melting pot of New York City in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Tango – originated in Rio de la Plata, early tango was known as tango criollo. Today, there are different types of tango dance such as Argentine tango or Uruguayan. Popularly and among tango dancing circles, the authentic tango is considered to be the one which is closest to that originally danced in Argentina and Uruguay.
Merengue – type of music and dance originated in Dominican Republic, which has become popular all over Latin America – even in those countries which formerly had their own type of music traditions. It may derived from the French meringue, a dessert made from whipped egg whites and sugar, but is equally likely to be related to similar West African words related to dance and music.